Federal Laws & Conditions on Gambling Activity 2018
Gambling industry, which has existed from time immemorial, undergoes significant changes. Stand-alone casinos are gradually replaced by more or less large-scale casino-resorts, which become leisure centers for the whole family. In a number of countries, including Russia, new legislative acts are being adopted to resolve existing contradictions in the development of gambling. However, the result of these reforms, as in the solution of the problem from the theory of games, may turn out to be completely unobvious.
Specificity of state regulation of gambling in this or that country determines the extent to which the gambling industry will develop. Negative experience of Turkey, when the uncontrolled growth of gambling establishments led to a complete impoverishment of the country’s population, showed that control over the gambling industry on the part of the state is simply necessary.
Now, along with Turkey, legal gambling business is banned in Mexico and a number of Muslim countries. In other countries, for example, in the US and China, the gambling industry is allowed only in part of the state territory. In most European countries this business is very strictly regulated.
Europe was the first of the continents to legalize the gambling business. This happened back in the time of the Roman Empire. Today’s forms of the European gambling business, its management and legislative regulation are the most complete and multifaceted. Gambling is allowed in almost all countries except San Marino, Liechtenstein and Cyprus (the Greek part).
Practically all kinds of gambling (casinos, gambling halls, sweepstakes, bookmakers, bingo) are legalized and are managed by private business. Significant restrictions, in particular, the state monopoly on certain types of gambling (organization of gambling in the casino) are used in Sweden, Finland, Austria, the Netherlands, Monaco, etc. Operation of slot machines outside the casino is prohibited in Greece, France, Portugal, Monaco and Luxembourg.
The way the state regulates gambling sphere
The state finds various forms of its participation in the European gambling business. In some countries it directly participates in business (Monaco), in others in part. In other words, it deals with certain types of gambling business, for example, casinos, giving the rest to private companies (Austria, Finland, Sweden, Germany (some lands), the Netherlands).
There are countries where the state completely avoids the financial participation in business. The government of such countries collects tax, licensing, customs and certification revenues and controls (supervises) the gambling business (Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro).
Asia – the main gambling creator. The first gambling establishments appeared in Japan and China, and the first regulatory laws were adopted in Macau as far back as 1847.
World practice today
Today, gambling is available in:
- Cyprus (Turkish part);
- Viet Nam;
- North Korea;
- South Korea;
- Hong Kong;
- The Philippines;
- Sri Lanka;
Almost completely prohibited gambling in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Qatar, Kuwait, Yemen, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Syria, Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Bhutan, Maldives, Jordan, East Timor, Iran, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey. In many of these countries, lotteries, wagers and sweepstakes are legalized.
Gambling business of North, South and Central America is different from the European model.
Today, gambling has been resolved in one form or another in the United States, Canada, Panama, Costa Rica, Aruba, the Bahamas, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Haiti, El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay.
Restrictions, in particular, the inability to open a casino exists in Mexico and Brazil. Completely banned gambling business is located in Cuba. In some countries only gambling online is allowed. These are Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Netherlands Antilles, Barbados, the British Virgin Islands, Grenada, the Cayman Islands, and Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Africa really opens the door to gambling in 1956 with the advent of the first major casino in Morocco. Previously, in various countries of Africa, gambling existed and moreover, was regulated by law. Today, most African countries (more than 30) have legalized the gambling business.
In some countries, there are specific features. For example, in North Africa gambling exists only in the form of casinos, which can be located exclusively in hotels and managed by foreign companies. The main feature of gambling in Africa is the location of gambling establishments: almost all gambling establishments are located in hotels. Legislation is banned or none at all in Libya, Algeria, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Burundi, Rwanda, Western Sahara and Niger.
Australia and Oceania – the last continent, legalized gambling. A feature of legislative regulation on this continent is its proximity to European regulation: the first legislative acts of Australia and New Zealand are developed on the basis of the British model of legal regulation of gambling.
Today, gambling on this continent is allowed in Australia, New Zealand, Guam, Palau, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands. It is forbidden in Fiji and in Eastern Samoa.
Overseas every year more and more popular is multifunctional complexes that combine residential, retail and entertainment elements. The FSND free slot machines available to play with no download or registration industry, trying to adapt to the constantly changing market of commercial real estate, chooses new directions.
City casinos are gradually giving way to more profitable and popular casino resorts – thus, the characteristics of the casino are reversed. From small in size, they turn into a mega, from narrow-profile – into multi-profile, from secluded, isolated buildings – into original, outstanding buildings. The social orientation of casinos also changes: from elite clubs they turn into leisure centers for the whole family, in addition, in our days casinos are much more oriented towards tourists. More info you can find here – http://alanellis.com/federal-laws-conditions-gambling-activity-2018/.